Baby’s milestones are often used as a gauge for future mental and physical development. As a new mom or soon-to-be, you probably like every parent would like to know what type of development your infant would undergo. The following chart will give you a good idea about how a baby’s mental and physical capabilities develop from birth to 12 months.
Mental Development in Infants:
Birth to 1 month: Newborns don’t know who you are, but they can distinguish if your voice is familiar or not. If you’re a primary caretaker of the child, the baby may become upset when someone else holds him or her. At this age, infants would spend most of their time sleeping and eating.
But they would also gaze towards anything that’s moving, particularly their primary caretaker.
1 to 6 months: If you are pregnant, doctors say your unborn child can hear noises from the outside world at around 16 weeks. But it’s not until their 6th month when infants start responding to people, like their parents or other familiar faces, by smiling at them. They would also turn towards voices that they find interesting and try to imitate sounds.
6 to 12 months: At this age, babies are already able to focus their eyes on objects that interest them. They can also distinguish between adults and younger children. Around this time, they begin to show interest in toys and would start exploring and studying these items so if you want your child to develop good motor skills, giving him or her a toy is recommended.
Physical Development in Infants:
Birth to 1 month: Newborns can’t do much because their muscles are still underdeveloped. But even without proper muscle control, they can already distinguish between touch sensations. By the time they turn one, infants would grow to be able to lift their heads for a few moments when laid on their stomachs.
1 to 6 months: During this time, infants get stronger and would begin to hold their heads up for extended periods — 3 seconds or more. They can also bring toys that are within their reach into their mouths without help. It is around the third month when babies start to move on their own by pushing themselves up and crawling.
6 to 12 months: With the help of their newly found strength, babies become more active and excited at this age. They can roll around both ways and get into a sitting position without any assistance. If not held, they would start pushing themselves off from the floor by using their legs or feet. They can also crawl and start to stand up with some help.
As always, parents need to be aware that their baby’s development doesn’t happen on a set schedule. Instead, it varies from child to child; therefore every infant is different. Just keep track of your child’s milestones and don’t forget to talk about them with his or her doctor.